The Nobel Prize of Physics 2008 was to Yoichiro
Nambu, Makoto Kobayashi
and Toshihide Maskawa, "for the discovery of the
mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics"
and "for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry
which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature"
(Kobayashi e Maskawa).